What you should know about cashmere….
The origins of the original cashmere wool lie in the high plateaus of the Himalayas. The Capra hircus, now a domesticated goat, lives at an altitude of 4,000 metres. In order to be able to survive the long winter, lasting almost 6 months, and the extreme temperatures (up to -40°C), the animal has a long-haired coat. This fine hair is processed into the exclusive wool that we know as cashmere.
In the Himalayan region the traditional and natural method for harvesting cashmere hair is still used, whereby the wild goats rub up against stones, rocks or bushes, in order to accelerate moulting. The valuable fluff is then collected by the local mountain farmers and processed.
Mongolia has 70-80% of the world stock of bred Capra Hircus. The breed is still very original and is the most important source of income for the population. The goats are combed and shorn and produce only ca. 100 grams of usable cashmere per animal. The wool of 3-6 goats is required for a pullover.
The valuable material got the name cashmere because the weaving of the wool was originally done in the Kashmir region of India – on the famous Silk Road. The name of the region has become the epitome of this elegant material.
Cashmere products are woven with a more or less large number of threads. This produces the density and weight. The more threads used to knit a pullover, the softer the material, thus providing that unique feeling of comfort.
The quality of a cashmere product is derived from just one criterion: the strict selection of the best, longest and finest goat hair. Usually, only 40 % of the hair generated by the small goats meet these quality criteria. Only the best hair allows such fine threads to be spun that guarantee the softness of cashmere.
Since cashmere is pure natural yarn, small irregularities are often present. “Pilling” is frequently considered mistakenly to be a sign of poor quality – but these are merely surplus threads that will no longer occur after a few washes, or after brushing with a cashmere comb.
– Wash inside-out
– Lay out to dry at room temperature (do not hang up)
– Iron inside-out at a maximum temperature of 110°C
– It often suffices to simply air the product outside for a while, instead of washing!